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Ballistic Levels

Ballistic Levels
Below are the Standards for Ballistic Resistant Protective Materials for United States NIJ, United States UL, Euronorm, Germany DIN, Great Britain, as well as a Bullet Comparison chart.


United States (NIJ) 

Class
(N.I.J. 0108.01)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
 
Mass
(grains / g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
Bullet velocity
(ft/s)
I hand gun 22 LR

.38 SP
RN/L

RN/L

40 

158 

2,6

10,2

5 320 +/-12

259 +/-15 
1050

900

IIA hand gun 9 mm Luger

.357 Mag.

FMJ

JSP

124

158

8,0

10.2

5

332 +/-12

381 +/-15

1090

1250

II hand gun 9 mm Luger

.357 Mag.

FMJ

JSP

124

158

8,0

10.2

385 +/-12

425 +/-15

1175

1395

IIIA hand gun 9 mm

.44 Mag

FMJ

Lead SWC gas

124

240
8,0

15,5

426 +/-15 1400

1350

III rifle 7,62 
308
Winchester
7,62 x 51 7,62 

.308 FMJ

150 9,7 15 838 +/-15 2750
IV rifle M14 7,62 x 63 30.06 AP 166 10,8 15 868 +/-15 2850
               
AP
L
CB
FMJ
FN
HC1

PB
RN
SC
SCP1
SWC
JSP

Armour Piercing
lead
coned bullet
full metal jacket bullet
flat nose bullet
steel hard core, mass (3,7 +/-0,1 g)
hardness more than 63 HRC
pointed bullet
round nose bullet
soft core (lead)
soft core (lead) with steel penetrator (type SS109)
semi wad cutter
Jacket Soft Point

 
Multi hit require-
ment
Stopped penetrations:
Level I up to III 5 hits to be stopped per specimen, level IV 1 hit per specimen


United States (UL) - click to get back to the top

Class
(UL. std. 752)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet       Test condition
Type
 
Mass
(grains / g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
Bullet
velocity
(ft/s)
I hand gun 9 x 19 FMJ / LC 124 8.0 4,6 358 1090
2 hand gun .357 Mag. JLSP 158 10.2 4,6 385 1395
3 hand gun .44 Mag. SWC 240 15.6 4,6 411 1400
4 30.06 rifle 30.06 LCSP 180 11.7 4,6 774 2410
5 rifle 7,62
or .308 
7,62 x 51 LC/FMCJ 150 9,7 4,6 838 2750
6  automatic
uzi 9mm
9 x 19 LC/FMCJ 124 8.0 4,6 427 1400
7 rifle 5,56 5,56 x 45 LC/FMCJ
(.223 Cal.)
55 3.56 4,6 939 3250
8 rifle 7,62 M14 7,62 x 51 LC/FMCJ military
Ball (.308 Cal.)
150 9.7 4,6 838 2850
Suppl. Shotgun 12 gauge rifle

12 gauge

Lead Slug

Lead Buckshot
 (12 pellets)

1 oz.

1.5 oz.

28.3

42

4,6 483

366

 
AP
L
FMJ
FMCJ
JLSP
LCSP

SWC

Armour Piercing
lead
full metal jacket bullet
full metal copper jacket
Jacket Lead Soft Point
Lead Core Soft Point

semi wadcutter

 
multi hit require-
ment
Stopped penetrations:
Level I up to 3 --> 3 hits to be stopped per specimen, 
level 4 & 5 --> 1 hit per specimen,
level 6 up to 8 -->5 hits per specimen
Supplementary --> 3 hits per specimen


Euronorm - click to get back to the top

Class
(EN.1063)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
 
Mass
(g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
FB1 rifle 22 LR L/RN 2,6 +/- 0,1 10 +/- 0,5 360 +/- 10
FB2 hand gun 9 mm Luger (1) FJ/RN/SC 8,0 +/- 0,1 5 +/-0,5 400 +/- 10
FB3 hand gun 357 Mag. (1) FJ/CB/SC 10,2 +/- 0,1 5 +/-0,5 430 +/- 10
FB4 hand gun

hand gun
(see note)

357 Mag.

44 Rem. Mag.
 

(1) FJ/CB/SC

(2) FJ/FN/SC
 

10,2 +/- 0,1

15,6 +/- 0,1
 

5 +/- 0,5

5 +/- 0,5
 

430 +/- 10

440 +/-10
 

FB5 rifle 5,56 x 45* (2) FJ PB/SCP1 4,0 +/- 0,1 10 +/-0,5 950 +/- 10
FB6 rifle

rifle
(see note)

5,56 x 45*

7,62 x 51
 

(2) FJ PB/SCP1

(1) FJ/PB/SC
 

4,0 +/- 0,1

9,5 +/- 0,1
 

10 +/-0,5

10 +/- 0,5
 

950 +/- 10

830 +/- 10
 

FB7 rifle 7,62 x 51** (2) FJ/PB/HC1 9,8 +/- 0,1 10 +/- 0,5 820 +/- 10
L
CB
FJ
FN
HC1

PB
RN
SC
SCP1

*

**

lead
coned bullet
full metal jacket bullet
flat nose bullet
steel hard core, mass (3,7 +/-0,1 g)
hardness more than 63 HRC
pointed bullet
round nose bullet
soft core (lead)
soft core (lead) with steel penetrator (type SS109)

To achieve the stated values for [5,56 x 45], the recommended barrel twist length = (178 +/- 10 mm)
To achieve the stated values for Class FB7, the recommended barrel twist length = (254 +/- 10 mm)

(1) FJ = full steel jacket (plated)
(2) FJ = full copper alloy jacket


Germany (DIN) - click to get back to the top

Class
(DIN 52290)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
 
Mass
(grains / g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
M1 / CI SIG 9 x 19mm VMR/wk   8,00 3 355-365
M2 / C2  S&W .357 Mag. VMKS/wk   10,25 3

415-425

M3 / C3 Colt .44 Mag. VMF/wk   15,55 3 435-445
M4 / C4 NATO riffle 7,62 x 51

5.56 x 45 

VMS/wk

 
9,45

3,56

10  785-795

965-975

M5 / C5 NATO riffle 7,62 x 51 VMS/hk   9,75 25 800-810
             
VMR/wk
VMF/wk
VMKS/wk
VMS/wk
VMS/hk

full jacket, round nose, soft point
full jacket, flat nose, soft point
full jacket, conned nose, soft point
full jacket, point nose, soft point
full jacket, point nos, hard point

 
Multi hit requirement 3 stopped penetrations, spacing 125 mm


Great Britain - click to get back to the top

Class
(BS 5051 - 1988)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
 
Mass
(grains / g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
G0 handgun 9 mm metal case bullet ... 7.4 3 390 (+30/-0)
G1 handgun .357 Mag. SP/SJ/FN 158 10.2 3 435 (+30/-0)
G2 handgun .44 Magnum SP/SJ/FN 240 15.6 3 456 (+30/-0)
R1 Rifle (1-7 twist) 5,56 x 45 M193/SS109 ... 3.6 10 (*5) 919 (+30/-0)
R2 Rifle  7,62 x 51 NATO standard 7,62 ball  ... 9.5 10 815 (+30/-0)
S1 12 Bore Shotgun 12 Bore Solid lead slug (1oz)   28,35 10 406 (+40/-0)
               
AP
L
FJ
FMJ
FN
PB
SC
SJ
SP

 

Armour Piercing
lead
Full jacket
full metal jacket bullet
flat nose
Pointed bullet
Soft Core
Semi Jacket
Soft Point

 

 
multi hit requirement 3 stopped penetrations, spacing 100 mm. S1 1 stopped penetration, centre of impact near centre of sample


Bullet Comparison Chart - click to get back to the top

1    .22 Magnum 40 gr. JHP (1209 FPS / 369 MPS)
2    .32 ACP 60 gr. Silvertip JHP (936 FPS / 285 MPS)
3   .380 ACP 95 gr. FMC (902 FPS / 275 MPS)
4  .38 Special 125 gr. Nyclad SWHP (1009 FPS / 308 MPS)
5    .38 Special +P 110 gr. JHP (1049 FPS / 320 MPS)
6    .38 Special +P 140 gr. JHP (869 FPS / 265 MPS)
7    9mm 124 gr. FMC (1173 FPS / 358 MPS)*
8    9mm 125 gr. JSP (1121 FPS / 342 MPS)
9    9mm 147 gr. Black Talon (1010 FPS / 308 MPS)
10  9mm 147 gr. Golden Saber (1083 FPS / 330 MPS)
11    9mm 147 gr. Hydra Shok (1011 FPS / 308 MPS)
12    .357 Magnum 158 gr. JSP (1308 FPS / 399 MPS)*
13    .357 Magnum 110 gr. JHP (1292 FPS / 394 MPS)
14    .357 Magnum 125 gr. JHP (1335 FPS / 407 MPS)
15    .40 Caliber 180 gr. FMJTC (992 FPS / 302 MPS)
16    .40 Caliber 170 gr. FMJTC (1095 FPS / 334 MPS)
17    10mm 155 gr. FMJTC (1024 FPS / 312 MPS)
18    10mm 170 gr. JHP (1137 FPS / 347 MPS)
19    .41 Magnum 210 gr. LSWC (1141 FPS / 348 MPS)
20    .44 Magnum 240 gr. LFP (1017 FPS / 310 MPS)
21    .45 Long Colt 250 gr. LRN (778 FPS / 237 MPS)
22    .45 ACP 230 gr. FMJ (826 FPS / 252 MPS)
23    12 ga. 00 Buck (9 pellet) (1063 FPS / 324 MPS)
24    9mm 124 gr. FMJ (1215 FPS / 370 MPS)*
25    9mm 115 gr. Silvertip JHP (1252 FPS / 382 MPS)
26    9mm 124 gr. Starfire JHP (1174 FPS / 358 MPS)
27    .357 Magnum 158 gr. JSP (1453 FPS / 443 MPS)*
28    .357 Magnum 145 gr. Silvertip JHP (1371 FPS / 418 MPS)
29    .357 Magnum 125 gr. JHP (1428 FPS / 435 MPS)
30    10 mm 175 gr. Silvertip JHP (1246 FPS / 380 MPS)
31    .41 Magnum 210 gr. JSP (1322 FPS / 403 MPS)
32    .44 Magnum 240 gr. SJHP (1270 FPS / 387 MPS)
33    9mm 124 gr. FMJ (1440 FPS / 439 MPS)*
34    9mm 115 gr. FMJ Israeli (1499 FPS / 457 MPS)
35    9mm 123 gr. FMJ Geco (1372 FPS / 418 MPS)
36    9mm 124 gr. FMJ Cavim (1259 FPS / 384 MPS)
37    .44 Magnum 240 gr. LSWC (1448 FPS / 441 MPS)*
38    .44 Magnum 240 gr. HSP (1320 FPS / 402 MPS)
39    12 ga. 1 oz. Rifled Slug (1290 FPS / 393 MPS)
40    12 ga. 1 oz. Rifle Slug (1254 FPS / 382 MPS)

* NIJ certification round when used in concert with the NFCAS sternum plate.

 


Bullet Abbreviations - click to get back to the top

The following standard abbreviations are used to designate types of bullets or projectiles contained in the rounds tested.


FMC/J-    Full Metal Case/ Full metal Jacket
FMJTC-  Full Metal Jacket Truncated Cone
HSP-       Hollow Soft Point
LRB-       Lead Round Ball
LRN-       Lead Round Nose
LSWC-    Lead Semi-Wadcutter
JHP-       Jacketed Hollow Point
JSP-       Jacketed Soft Point
LFP-       Lead Flat Point
SJHP-    Semi-Jacketed Hollow Point
SWHP-   Semi-Wadcutter Hollow Point
Ballistic Levels for guns, rifles, and bullets


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